How is Down syndrome diagnosed?

By Qendra Jonathan

The diagnosis of Down syndrome is usually noticed immediately after the child is born because of the physical appearance. There are certain physical characteristics associated with various conditions that may lead parents or doctors to suspect that the child has Down Syndrome.

Some of the features include:

-Low muscle tone leading to hypotonia results.

-A flat facial profile, flat and small nose.

-Eyes, which tilt upwards and protrude with folded skin, which continues vertically between the lid of the inner corner of the eye.

-A small mouth, which makes the tongue look a little big.

-Large space between big toe and second toe.

-Wide hands and small fingers, in which the little finger is bent inward.

-The palm of the hand can only have one dash between it.

-May be below average weight and below average height at birth.

But it can be said that many of these characteristics are generally found in the population. However, a chromosomal test is necessary to be done on the baby before it can be positively diagnosed with this syndrome.